||The Dormeuse, or French Night Cap,
was especially popular in the 1770's. This style was also referred to as a
baigneuse, or bathing cap. The crown of the cap fits loosely over the head, with
rounded wings or ears framing the face. The night cap may be worn close to the face
over a natural head, or away from the face covering a high coiffure. This cap is
designed to be trimmed with two rows of ruching over the ears, a band of pouffing around
the crown, and a ribbon bow at center front.
|The dormeuse, like the English night gown, was intended
to be worn during the day. Generally, 1770's undress, or informal, caps were large
while dress, or formal, caps were small. The styles and materials were often the
same. This original cap pattern is based primarily on caps illustrated in The West Family,
c.1772, and The Six Children of George III, 1776 by Benjamin
West. Similarly styled caps may be seen in Fashion Plate #51,
1778, Galerie des Modes; and the French engravings Le Lever and Le
Bain, 1774, A. Romanet, Sculpt., in the designer's collection.